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Joseph Constantine Stadler, active 1780–1812, British, Fort Marlborough from Old Bencoolen, Sumatra, 1799, 1799, Aquatint, Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

Sophia

In 1818, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, newlywed husband of Sophia, Governor-General of Bencoolen, surveyed the island of Singapore, which was made a British colony early the following year.   i….